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Tanya for Monday, 22 Tishrei, 5780 - October 21, 2019

As Divided for a Leap Year

Tanya for 22 Tishrei

21 Tishrei, 5780 - October 20, 201923 Tishrei, 5780 - October 22, 2019

On the holy Sabbath, moreover, towards the time of Minchah, [people] should occupy themselves with the laws of the Sabbath. For [59] "the law of Sabbath is a weighty law," [with many details to be mastered].

A person can easily stumble in it, heaven forfend, even in a prohibition punishable by extirpation or stoning, because of ignorance [of these laws], and [60] "an unwitting error in [observance due to insufficient] study is accounted as an intentional transgression," heaven forfend.

It goes without saying [that the same applies to] the Rabbinic injunctions which are ever so numerous, and especially so with respect to the prohibitions of muktzeh that occur frequently; and [61] "[infringements of] the words of the Sofrim [i.e., the Rabbinic injunctions] are more serious than [infringements of] the words of the Torah [i.e., explicit Scriptural commandments]."

As our Sages, of blessed memory, said: [62] "Whoever transgresses the words of the Sages," even a minor prohibition of theirs - as, for instance, he who eats before the evening prayer, and the like - "is liable to the death penalty," just like one who transgresses grave prohibitions [explicit] in the Torah. [63]

[At any rate, since we see from the above that it is vital that one study and know the laws of the Sabbath, they should be studied in public as the time for Minchah draws near].

And let no individual separate himself from the congregation, [when they are studying Ein Yaakov, Shulchan Aruch and the like], even in order to study something else; rather, [every individual should participate only] in whatever the congregation is busy with.

It goes without saying that one should not leave if there are not ten without him; to him [who does leave] I apply the verse, [64] "And those who forsake G-d [i.e., who forsake the study of His Torah] shall be consumed...," as our Sages, of blessed memory, have said [65] with respect to every sacred matter.

For there is no holiness like the holiness of the Torah, since [30] "the Torah and the Holy One, blessed be He, are entirely one."

[Strictly speaking, our Sages applied the above verse ("And those who forsake G-d shall be consumed") only to a person whose leaving bars the congregational recital of a davar shebike-dushah, a text involving the sanctification of G-d's Name, which cannot be done without a quorum of ten.

By contrast, though the quality of Torah study is enhanced by a quorum of ten, this is not a prerequisite condition.

Nevertheless, the fact remains that there is "no holiness like the holiness of the Torah": when ten Jews study together they draw down a most exalted degree of holiness and an intense indwelling of the Shechinah, as explained above.

In this sense, then, an individual whose leaving disrupts a study group of ten may be likened to one whose leaving prevents a minyan from reciting Kedushah or the like].

Moreover, [66] "Whoever separates himself from the community [will not merit to witness (and participate in) the community's consolation]."

[The Alter Rebbe concludes]: [67] "But he who listens to me shall dwell securely," and [68] in his days and in ours, Judah shall be saved and Jerusalem shall dwell securely. [69]

Amen, may this be His will.



  1. (Back to text) Zohar II, 90b; see also II, 60a, and III, 73a.

  2. (Back to text) Shabbat 12a, and Rashi there.

  3. (Back to text) Avot 4:13.

  4. (Back to text) Yerushalmi, Berachot 4:2.

  5. (Back to text) Berachot 4:2.

  6. (Back to text) Note of the Rebbe Shlita:

    "At first glance [the question arises], what is the Alter Rebbe letting us know [that is novel]?

    The answer:

    He is clearly expressing his dissent from the opinions that this statement is intended to be taken as mere hyperbole. See the Alter Rebbe's Shulchan Aruch 63:5; Sdei Chemed, Klalim, p. 386; Pe'at HaSadeh 8:15 (at length); Encyclopedia Talmudit, Vol. XIV, p. 599ff."

  7. (Back to text) Yeshayahu 1:28.

  8. (Back to text) Berachot 8a; Yerushalmi, Megillah 4:4.

  9. (Back to text) Semachot 2:10. But there the text reads, "from the ways of the congregation." See also Rambam, Hilchot Evel 1:10.

  10. (Back to text) Mishlei 1:33.

  11. (Back to text) Cf. Yirmeyahu 23:6 and 33:16.

  12. (Back to text) Note of the Rebbe Shlita:

    "The relevance here [of this verse] is perhaps the teaching in Taanit 11a, that he who shares the pain of the community will merit to witness the consolation of the community. Note also beginning of Berachot 30a."

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